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Frances Peck

Perilous Punctuation: The Email Salutation

An old friend from Ottawa recently visited me in Vancouver. We hadn’t seen each other in years. “One thing I’ll never forget about you,” said Ann (who is not an editor), “is that you taught me the right way to begin an email. Every time I write ‘Hi comma So-and-So period,’ I think of you.”

It’s not the profound reminiscence one might wish for at, say, one’s funeral or anything, but it’s nice to be remembered for something. And when you’re an editor, the something quite likely involves a comma.

I used to begin emails exactly as Ann remembered. It bugged me when people wrote “Hi so-and-so comma” as a salutation. Not one part of that structure is grammatically sound: the interjection “hi” needs a comma after it, and because the whole statement is a sentence, it needs a period at the end, not a comma.

Hi, Ann.

When an email starts with an adjective plus the person’s name, things are different. Then the comma is correct afterwards.

Dear [Esteemed, Beloved] Ann,

For years I felt secure about “Hi comma So-and-So period” and was happy to share the advice with people other than Ann. I shared it with quite a few people. In fact, people are forever coming up to me and saying, “I remember you. You taught me that email thing.”

But then.

Time went on and my email salutation started looking . . . frankly, a little odd. Editors and writers, even teachers of editors and writers, increasingly wrote “Hi Frances,” at the head of their emails. Gradually, I began to feel uncertain, then — much worse — pompous. Whenever I wrote “Hi comma So-and-So period,” it was like showing up in Armani when everyone else was in Old Navy.

I told Ann all of this to prepare her for my admission: I now use “Hi So-and-So comma” sometimes, mainly with correspondents who address me that way. When I can’t bring myself to do that, because I’m writing to someone who might wag a finger at my sloppy punctuation, I skirt the issue in all kinds of ways:

  • Hi there, Ann.
  • Good morning, Ann.
  • Ann, it’s great to hear from you!
  • I was wondering, Ann, if . . .

This chat with my friend sent me to Google to see what others are saying nowadays about the email salutation. To my astonishment, given that “Hi comma So-and-So period” is about as rare as the Kirtland’s warbler, that’s the very punctuation recommended by these resources:

On the other hand, The Chicago Manual of Style has basically thrown up its hands: “. . . Use a comma before direct address and choose appropriate punctuation after it. In e-mail greetings, do as you please.”

So has the ever-sane Grammar Girl: “I’m always torn about whether to use the comma. It is correct, but it seems a bit pedantic given the widespread use of the incorrect alternative — especially when you are replying to someone who has already done it the wrong way. Use your own judgment. I usually put it in, but you’ll be in good company if you leave it out.”

How to punctuate an email salutation is a nicety that only grammar geeks would fret over. But fret we do. At least some of us. What about you?


Previous post from Frances Peck: Introverted Networking: Not an Oxymoron.

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About the author

Frances Peck

Frances Peck is an editor, writer and instructor who now lives on Canada’s West Coast.


20 Comments on “Perilous Punctuation: The Email Salutation”

  • MJ Turner


    Thank you, Frances, for this post.
    I persist in the use of the comma and period in email salutations. I use this style with everyone. It’s a matter of demonstrating to non-editors the correct grammar, but it’s also part of a larger effort to make communication, especially email communication in a business setting, as precise as possible. I consider the precision that language offers to be one of its great joys.

  • Margaret Shaw


    Hi, Frances!
    Hi Frances,
    I loved your post. I learned “Hi, so-and-so period” by example from one of my esteemed Print Futures editing instructors, Suzanne Bastedo. I remember studying her salutation and pondering it a while, then adopting it as my own. I’ve been using it for years. From your post, though, I see that perhaps it’s time for me to branch out. 😉

  • Anita Jenkins


    Always nice to see a post from you, Frances. I haven’t been using a greeting in email messages for several years now. I just plunge right in. I think that is related to office memo style – the “To” line replaces the greeting.

    • Diane Johnson


      Interesting, Anita. I’d like to hear what Frances has to say about this approach!

      • I do the “plunge right in” thing after the first email or two in an exchange. Often by then the correspondence has changed into a Q&A, comment-style exchange. But for the initial email, I do like a salutation to pave the way.

  • Hi Frances,

    I’ve known about this for quite some time, but I just find Hi, Frances. looks so pedantic, so I don’t use it. I feel most of the people I write to either don’t know or don’t care or they think the comma and period look weird or even wrong.

    Still, great article, though! I don’t think most people know this. 🙂

    • Anita Jenkins


      But why not dispense with the greeting/salutation completely? In the age of text messaging, it seems extraneous and unnecessary.

  • Often I do dispense with a greeting, especially if I’m in the middle of an e-mail conversation with someone. I might just write, for example, “That’s a good idea, Frances.”

  • Virginia Durksen


    Perhaps this is an example of the standards for one form of greeting [Dear Frances] being applied to the one that is replacing it [Hi Virginia]. It’s a variation on the back-formation of words.

    I like this shift in greetings, from Dear to Hi, which allows us to use formal or informal approaches, even with strangers.

    And I especially like that it’s possible for us to reform our old rules to suit new forms.

  • I knew this topic would stir everyone up! It’s another illustration of that narrow ridge we editors walk between correctness and naturalness. Take “we editors” in the sentence you just read, for instance. Correct, sure. Natural-sounding? Not so much.

    Thanks for the comments so far. I’m eager to see how other careful editors are handling the salutation.

    • Christopher Clunas


      I suppose similar questions and dilemmas arise for the closing. Just seeing “Thanks.” (or another word such as ‘regards’ or ‘cheers’ followed by a period) can seem abrupt and not really all that thankful. “Thanks!” can appear forced, but sometimes is appropriate. Writing “Thanks, myname.” on one line doesn’t work because it looks like you are thanking yourself. But “Thanks, myname” is common and looks fine despite the dubious use of the comma. Not including a closing at all can seem hurried or even rude.
      Thankfully (?), with texting and instant messaging a simple “thx” is often enough!

  • Oh, you’ve hit on another hot email issue, Christopher! I’ve always gone with

    Thanks [Regards, Best wishes, etc.],

    with the comma (of course) and no space between the two lines because that’s how you’d sign off a letter—assuming you’re not leaving space for a handwritten signature. In my experience, most people do use the comma with their sign-off, which is as it should be. But many insert a line space between the “thanks” and their name, and I’m not sure why. Am I off base with the spacing? What do others think?

  • Anita Jenkins


    As I said about the greeting, a closing is not needed either. Most emails I send and receive are like texts, with the content and nothing else.

  • Rosemary Shipton


    You sure did stir everyone up, Frances – and you’ve asked for more comments from “careful” editors. Well, editors are by definition careful, and we exercise care in our work. But does that apply to emails too? I often have to respond to 40-60 emails a day, many of which require some thought and length. Simultaneously I have to keep the current projects / manuscripts flowing – usually six or seven at various stages of active development. So my life is really a balancing act governed by time. For me, content trumps extreme correctness in my emails. I’d rather get the message out clearly than worry whether my name should be on the same line as the farewell “Cheers” or below. Instinctively, though, I do put that comma after the “Hi” or “Hello.” And I crave forgiveness for those occasions when a typo or reversal creeps in …

    • Rosemary, you’ve raised an excellent point about how much time we should devote to the correctness of our own emails. In West Coast Editorial Associates, we have an agreement that when we email one another, we don’t proofread. Typos are overlooked; no judgments are made. I feel different, though, when emailing a client or a student. They’ll surely forgive the occasional typo (they’d better!), but if there are too many lapses, I fear they’ll lose confidence in my ability to edit or instruct. My email volume is about the same as yours, and some days it feels as if emails are the point of my work, not the medium for getting it done. If the English world could agree to a standard salutation and closing (or two), as in the old days of letters, it would save a little time and decision-making through the day.

  • Shaun Oakey


    This comma is vanishing from direct address all over the place. “Hi Frances” is the sibling of “Come on guys” and “Go Raptors!” Whether people drop it because of the haste of texting or tweeting or because of ignorance, I’m not sure, though I suspect most people used it in the early days of email and gradually dropped it as they noticed others doing so. I still use it in emails, but I’m not bothered when others don’t. I’m certainly bothered, though, when I see it missing in print, which is just about every day when I open my newspaper. It’s hard to eat breakfast when I’m gritting my teeth.

  • Anita Jenkins



  • Anita Jenkins


    It might be considered rude, but to me it’s just efficient – getting to the point with no extraneous verbiage.

  • Eliot Led


    My boss at my new job who is an English major and grammar nazi publicly berated me during a group meeting this week about my salutations. She said that my use of period after her name made her feel like I was yelling at her or asserting dominance. I interchange between “Hello, Name.” and “Hello, Name,”. It never made a difference to me. A co-worker in the meeting also agreed with my boss. I think this was an odd criticism. While I will be more mindful when I email her, I think it doesn’t really matter. Such a small thing to berate someone about.

  • Anita Jenkins


    Most people don’t use salutations in email.

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